Activated Carbon is a porous form of carbon which can be manufactured from a variety of carbonaceous raw materials. The principal commercial products are made from coconut shell, coal, peat or wood. The activation process involves treating the raw material with steam or chemicals, thereby developing a pore structure.
Activated carbon is characterised by a vast system of pores of molecular size within the carbon particles resulting in the formation of a material with extensive surface area. Commercially available Activated Carbon have surface areas ranging from 400m2/g to in excess of 2000m2/g
Activated Carbon Selection
Selection of the most appropriate Activated Carbon type is based either on known characteristics of the chemicals to be removed in the adsorption process or by a series of controlled laboratory tests.
Powder carbons are mainly used in batch processes and removed by filtration after an appropriate contact time, whereas granular carbons are used in fixing or moving filter beds. In the case of granular carbons, the smallest particle size is normally selected consistent with retention in the filter and acceptable flow resistance since this will provide the best adsorption kinetics.
Activated Carbon is sometimes chemically impregnated to enhance the performance by chemisorption when adsorption affinity for particular contaminants is too weak to be effective.
|Carbon Code||Suitable for Removal Of|
|AC||General Organic Compounds (iodine, Solvents, Odours etc)|
|ACID||Acidic Compounds (and general organics)|
|ACR||Alkali Compounds (and general organics)|
|AMM||Ammonia & amine compounds (and general organics)|
|ETHER||Ether Compounds (and general organics)|
|FORM||Aldehydes (and general organics)|
|SUL||Sulphur Compounds (and general organics)|
|MCH||Special blend of up to 4 of the above carbon types|
|ED||Tri-Layered Filter for schools (organic, acid & alkali removed)|
How does it work?
The atoms of carbon comprising the large internal surface area of activated carbon present attractive forces outward from the surface.
These forces, known as Van der Waals forces, attract the molecules of the surrounding gas or liquid. The combination of these attractive forces and those of molecules in the surrounding medium result in adsorption of molecules at the surface of the activated carbon. Some molecules have structures which make them more easily adsorbed than others and it is due to this that separation of molecules is achieved.
Monmouth Scientific are able to supply a variety of Carbon Filters that are suitable for almost every application. Please see below for the most common Carbon Filters and their intended application. For multiple applications, we can blend up to four carbon filters together in a special filter – Type MCH. Other applications can be accommodated. Please contact us for more information.
Where extra safety is required, an optional outlet filter can be specified. This should be of the same type as the main filter with the exception of the outlet HEPA filter, which can be specified for particulate removal with ANY of the carbon filter types.